Economic power shift


Available in 中文 (Chinese)

The world economy is shifting, as Asia becomes the largest trading region, fuelling the rise of a newly affluent community and a different breed of corporations.

Just two countries, China and India, account for 36% of the world’s population and 25% of global GDP.

We will see a restructuring of the global economy with non-OECD economies expected to account for 57% of GDP by 2030. The economic influence of the G7 countries will shift to the Emerging 7. By 2040, these E7 economies will be double that of the G7.

India and China will take up a rising share of global output as the world’s economic centre of gravity continues to shift toward Asia. China’s GDP will likely surpass that of the US by 2035, while India’s GDP could do so by 2075. However, the individual purchasing power of citizens in the West will likely remain higher than that of consumers in both China and India, and it is probable that no country will be clearly economically dominant.

By 2030, 4.8 billion people will be middle class. This globalised, more affluent community will possess significant purchasing power. Two-thirds of them will reside in the Asia Pacific region.

Globalisation itself has produced unequal returns. The shift in wealth to the rich will accelerate. Currently, about half of the world’s wealth is held by only 1% of the population. By 2030, the richest 1% will own two thirds.

Rising inequality is also challenging trust in traditional global economic institutions and agreements. Geopolitical tensions, leading to more frequent trade wars, rising protectionism, and the potential for military conflict, will drive uncertainty and instability.

How will individuals, corporations, and governments renegotiate their expectations of one another, in an era of accelerating individualisation and rapidly changing economies?

Economic power shifts of this magnitude will fundamentally alter national and individual prosperity – these opportunities, along with significant risks, will play out on the world stage.

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Gurria, A. (2011). ‘A better global governance: What is at stake?’, OECD. Available at:

Saul, D. (2022). ‘China and India will Overtake U.S. Economically by 2075, Goldman Sachs Economists Say,’ Forbes 6/12/22. Available at:

Rajah, R., Leng, A. (2022). ‘Revising down the rise of China’, Lowy Institute. Available at:

Wallach, O. (2022). ‘The World’s Growing Middle Class (2020-2030)’, Visual Capitalist. Available at:

Savage, M. (2018). ‘Richest 1% on target to own two-thirds of all wealth by 2030’, The Guardian. Available at:

What are megatrends and how they are shaping the future of business?

Impactful Technology

Accelerating individualisation

Demographic change
Rapid urbanisation
Climate and resource security
Economic power shift


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